Cannabis strains

Unterschiedliche Cannabissorten Bannerbild
Inhaltsverzeichnis

2. Cannabis sativa

Cannabis sativa is one of the most well-known and widely cultivated cannabis strains. This strain is characterized by its tall, slender plants and long, narrow leaves. Sativa strains are known for their invigorating and cerebral effects, which make them particularly popular for daytime use.

Characteristics of Sativa plants

  • Tall, slender plant structure
  • Long, narrow leaves
  • Longer flowering time compared to Indica strains
  • Higher THC content compared to CBD

Typical effects and uses of Cannabis sativa

Sativa strains are known for their invigorating and cerebral effects that can stimulate the mind and enhance creativity. These properties make Sativa ideal for daytime use and for activities that require focus and energy.

  • Invigorating and energizing
  • Promotes creativity and focus
  • Can help with depression and fatigue
  • Often used for creative activities and social occasions

The typical effects of sativa strains can be particularly helpful in treatingmedical conditionssuch as depression, ADHD and chronic fatigue.

Popular Sativa Strains

There are many popular sativa strains that are appreciated for their unique effects and flavors. Here are some of the most popular sativa strains:

  • Sour Diesel:Known for its intense, diesel-like smell and uplifting effects.
  • Jack Herer:An award-winning strain named after cannabis activist Jack Herer and known for its clear, cerebral effects.
  • Green Crack:Despite its controversial name, this strain is popular for its strong, energizing effects.
  • Super Silver Haze:A hybrid that has won the High Times Cannabis Cup several times and is known for its long-lasting, invigorating effects.

You can learn more about these and other varieties in the chapterPopular Sativa Strains.

Cultivation of Cannabis sativa

Growing sativa strains can be challenging due to their height and longer flowering time. Here are some tips to make growing sativa successful:

  • Space requirement:Sativa plants can grow very large, so they need enough space to grow.
  • Flowering time:Plan for a longer flowering period, which can last up to 16 weeks.
  • Light requirement:Sativa plants need a lot of light to thrive optimally.
  • Pruning and training:Use techniques such as LST (low-stress training) and topping to control height growth and maximize yield.

For more tips and instructions on growing sativa strains, see the chapterCultivation methods.

By understanding the specific characteristics and requirements of Cannabis sativa, you can choose the strain that's right for you and plan your grow accordingly. For more detailed information, see the relevant chapters of our grow guide.

3. Cannabis indica

Cannabis indica is a widely used cannabis strain known for its relaxing and calming effects. This strain is often valued for its medicinal properties and is particularly suitable for evening or nighttime use.

Characteristics of Indica plants

  • Compact, bushy plant structure
  • Wide, dark leaves
  • Shorter flowering time compared to sativa varieties
  • Higher CBD content compared to Sativa

Typical effects and uses of Cannabis indica

Indica strains are known for their physically relaxing effects, often described as calming and sedative. These properties make Indica ideal for evening use and to help with sleep disorders, pain, and stress.

  • Relaxing and calming
  • Can promote sleep and recovery
  • Can help with chronic pain and muscle tension
  • Often used to relieve anxiety and stress

The typical effects of Indica strains can be particularly helpful in treatingmedical conditionssuch as insomnia, chronic pain and anxiety disorders.

Popular Indica Strains

There are many popular Indica strains that are appreciated for their unique effects and flavors. Here are some of the most popular Indica strains:

  • Northern Lights:One of the most popular Indica strains, known for its relaxing effects and sweet, earthy flavors.
  • Granddaddy Purple:A classic indica with deep purple flowers and an intense, fruity taste.
  • Blueberries:Known for its sweet, fruity aroma and strong, calming effects.
  • Afghan Kush:A pure indica strain with strong, sedative effects and a spicy, earthy taste.

You can learn more about these and other varieties in the chapterPopular Indica Strains.

Cultivation of Cannabis indica

Growing Indica strains is often easier than growing Sativa strains due to their compact structure and shorter flowering time. Here are some tips to make growing Indica successful:

  • Space requirement:Indica plants tend to stay smaller and more compact, making them ideal for indoor cultivation.
  • Flowering time:Indica strains have a shorter flowering time of 6-10 weeks, resulting in faster harvests.
  • Light requirement:Indica plants require less light than sativa strains, but still benefit from intense lighting.
  • Care:Indica plants are more robust and resistant to pests and diseases, which reduces the amount of care required.

For more tips and instructions on growing Indica strains, see the chapterCultivation methods.

By understanding the specific characteristics and requirements of Cannabis indica, you can choose the strain that is right for you and plan your grow accordingly. For more detailed information, see the relevant chapters of our grow guide.

4. Cannabis ruderalis

Cannabis ruderalis is a lesser-known cannabis strain that has, however, gained prominence due to its unique characteristics and its role in the breeding of autoflowering strains. This strain is known for its hardiness and ability to survive in difficult climate conditions.

Characteristics of Ruderalis plants

  • Smaller, compact plant structure
  • Thick, robust stems
  • Autoflowering properties, independent of photoperiod
  • Low THC content, higher CBD content

Importance and benefits in breeding

The most important feature of Cannabis ruderalis is its autoflowering ability. UnlikeCannabis- andIndicaUnlike strains that start their flowering phase based on the light-dark period, Ruderalis flowers automatically after a certain period of time. This trait makes Ruderalis a valuable plant in the breeding of autoflowering hybrids.

  • Enables shorter cultivation cycles
  • Suitable for cultivation in regions with short summers
  • Less dependent on light cycles

You can learn more about the breeding and advantages of autoflowering strains in the chapterAutoflowering seeds.

Examples of Ruderalis varieties

Pure Ruderalis strains are rarely grown as they tend to have low THC levels and fewer psychoactive effects. Instead, they are often crossed with sativa and indica strains to create hybrids that combine the autoflowering properties of Ruderalis with the desired effects and yields of the other strains.

  • Lowryder:One of the first commercial autoflowering strains, created from a cross between Ruderalis and Indica.
  • DieselRyder:An autoflowering strain developed from the cross between Lowryder and New York City Diesel.
  • EasyRyder:A cross between Lowryder and AK-47, known for its short growth period and strong effects.

You can learn more about these and other autoflowering varieties in the chapterPopular Autoflowering Strains.

Cultivation of Cannabis ruderalis

Growing Cannabis ruderalis and its hybrids is relatively easy and requires less experience and control over environmental conditions. Here are some tips for growing Ruderalis strains:

  • Space requirement:Ruderalis plants tend to stay small and compact, making them ideal for limited growing spaces.
  • Flowering time:Flowering begins automatically, typically 2-4 weeks after germination, and lasts 8-10 weeks.
  • Light requirement:Autoflowering plants do not require special light cycles, but still benefit from intense lighting.
  • Care:These plants are hardy and resilient to adverse conditions, making them ideal for beginners.

You can find further tips and instructions on growing Ruderalis varieties in the chapterCultivation methods.

By understanding the unique characteristics and requirements of Cannabis ruderalis, you can make the most of the benefits of this strain. For more detailed information, see the relevant chapters of our grow guide.

5. Hybrids

Hybrids are crosses between different cannabis strains, usually betweenCannabisandIndica, but also withRuderalisto combine specific properties. These strains offer a wide range of effects and benefits that are of interest to both medical and recreational users.

Definition and characteristics of hybrids

Hybrids are bred to combine the best characteristics of their parent plants. This can include growth structure, yield, flowering time, as well as the type of effects. There are three main types of hybrids:

  • Indica dominant:These hybrids have more indica characteristics and usually offer relaxing effects.
  • Sativa-dominant:These hybrids have more sativa characteristics and often offer invigorating and cerebral effects.
  • Balanced:These hybrids have a nearly equal mix of sativa and indica characteristics, offering a combination of both effects.

Advantages and applications of hybrids

Hybrids offer the advantage of being able to combine the desired characteristics of sativa, indica and ruderalis. This makes them particularly versatile and adaptable to different needs and growing conditions.

  • Custom effects:Hybrids can be specifically bred to achieve specific effects, whether to promote relaxation or to increase energy and creativity.
  • Improved growth conditions:By combining traits, hybrids can be more resistant to pests and diseases and better adapted to different growing conditions.
  • Faster flowering time:Hybrids can benefit from the shorter flowering time of Indica or Ruderalis, resulting in faster harvests.

Popular hybrid varieties

There are many popular hybrid strains that are valued for their unique effects and flavors. Here are some of the most popular hybrid strains:

  • Girl Scout Cookies:A popular hybrid strain with a balanced ratio of sativa and indica, known for its strong effects and sweet taste.
  • Blue Dream:A sativa-dominant hybrid appreciated for its cerebral effects and fruity taste.
  • OG Kush:An indica-dominant hybrid known for its relaxing effects and earthy aroma.
  • White Widow:A balanced hybrid that offers both relaxing and invigorating effects, ideal for day and night use.

You can learn more about these and other varieties in the chapterPopular hybrid varieties.

Breeding and development of hybrids

Breeding hybrids requires a good understanding of the genetic characteristics of the parent plants. Through careful selection and crossing, breeders can highlight specific traits and develop new varieties that meet the needs of consumers and growers.

  • Selection of parent plants:Choosing the right parent plants is crucial for the success of hybrid breeding.
  • Stabilization of genetics:Through repeated crossing and selection, stable hybrids with consistent characteristics can be developed.
  • Testing and optimizing:Regular testing and optimization are necessary to maintain and improve the desired properties.

For more information on breeding hybrids, see the chapterBreeding and reproduction.

By understanding the unique characteristics and benefits of hybrids, you can choose the strain that's right for you and plan your grow accordingly. For more detailed information, check out the relevant chapters of our grow guide.

6. Autoflowering strains

Autoflowering strains are cannabis strains that automatically enter the flowering phase regardless of the light-dark period. This trait makes them particularly popular among growers as it simplifies the cultivation process and shortens the harvest time.

What are autoflowering strains?

Autoflowering varieties are created by crossingCannabis sativawithCannabisandIndicaRuderalis plants have the natural ability to flower regardless of light duration, a trait that is passed on to offspring.

  • Bloom automatically after 2-4 weeks
  • Do not require any change in light cycles
  • Can be harvested several times a year

Advantages and disadvantages of autoflowering strains

Autoflowering strains offer a number of advantages, but also have some disadvantages that you should consider:

Due to their shorter growing time and ease of use, autoflowering strains are ideal for beginners and for growers who want to achieve multiple harvests per year. You can learn more about the advantages and disadvantages in the chapterAdvantages and disadvantages of autoflowering strains.

Popular autoflowering strains

There are many autoflowering strains that are valued for their fast growth time and robust characteristics. Here are some of the most popular autoflowering strains:

  • Lowryder:One of the first and most popular autoflowering strains, known for its short growing time and compact plants.
  • Car Northern Lights:An autoflowering version of the famous Northern Lights, appreciated for its powerful effects and ease of cultivation.
  • Blueberry Car:An autoflowering variety with a sweet, fruity taste and relaxing effects.
  • Amnesia Haze Auto:An autoflowering version of the popular Amnesia Haze, known for its cerebral effects and intense flavor.

You can learn more about these and other varieties in the chapterPopular Autoflowering Strains.

Cultivation of autoflowering varieties

Growing autoflowering strains is relatively easy and requires less experience and control over environmental conditions. Here are some tips for growing autoflowering strains:

  • Space requirement:Autoflowering plants tend to stay small and compact, making them ideal for limited growing spaces.
  • Light requirement:Autoflowering plants do not require special light cycles, but still benefit from intense lighting (18-24 hours of light per day).
  • Nutrient:Autoflowering plants often have lower nutrient requirements than photoperiod strains. Use light to medium fertilizers.
  • Harvest time:The total growth time of autoflowering plants is usually 8-10 weeks from seed to harvest.

You can find more tips and instructions on growing autoflowering varieties in the chapterGrowing Autoflowering Strains.

By understanding the unique characteristics and requirements of autoflowering strains, you can make the most of the benefits of this strain. For more detailed information, see the relevant chapters of our grow guide.

8. High-THC strains

High-THC strains are cannabis varieties that have been specifically bred for their high levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC is the psychoactive cannabinoid responsible for the typical effects of cannabis. These strains are particularly popular with recreational users looking for a strong and long-lasting effect.

Characteristics of high-THC strains

  • THC content often over 20%
  • Intense psychoactive effects
  • Diverse aromas and flavors
  • Varying flowering times and cultivation characteristics

Typical effects and uses of high-THC strains

High-THC strains are known for their powerful psychoactive effects, which include both physical and mental effects. These strains can induce intense euphoria, increased creativity, and deep relaxation.

  • Strong euphoria and feelings of happiness
  • Increased creativity and focus
  • Deep relaxation and stress relief
  • Increased appetite

The typical effects of high-THC strains can be attractive for both recreational users and certain therapeutic applications. However, please note the applicable legal regulations according to the Cannabis Act (CanG) in Germany.

Popular High-THC Strains

There are many popular high-THC strains that are valued for their potency and unique effects. Here are some of the most popular high-THC strains:

  • GorillaGlue #4:Known for its extremely high THC levels and sticky, resin-rich flowers.
  • Girl Scout Cookies:A potent hybrid valued for its balanced effects and sweet, earthy flavors.
  • Bruce Banner:This strain takes its name from the comic book character Hulk and is known for its strong, euphoric effects.
  • GodfatherOG:One of the strongest Indica strains with a THC content of over 30% and deeply relaxing effects.

You can learn more about these and other varieties in the chapterPopular High-THC Strains.

Cultivation of high-THC strains

Growing high-THC strains requires special attention to ensure the plants reach their full potential. Here are some tips for growing high-THC strains:

  • Lighting:High-THC strains require intense lighting to develop maximum potency. Use high-quality LED or HID lights.
  • Nutrient:Make sure you have a balanced supply of nutrients and use special fertilizers that promote THC levels.
  • Temperature and humidity:Keep the temperature around 20-26°C and the humidity around 40-50% during flowering to maximize resin production.
  • Pruning and training:Use techniques like LST (low-stress training) and topping to control growth and increase yield.

For more tips and instructions on growing high-THC strains, see the chapterCultivation of high-THC strains.

By understanding the unique characteristics and requirements of high-THC strains, you can maximize the potency and quality of your harvest. For more detailed information, see the relevant chapters of our grow guide.

9. CBD-rich strains

CBD-rich strains are cannabis varieties that have been specifically bred to contain high concentrations of cannabidiol (CBD). CBD is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid known for its potential health benefits and relaxation properties. These strains are particularly popular with consumers who want to take advantage of the therapeutic properties of cannabis without experiencing the psychoactive effects of THC.

Characteristics of CBD-rich strains

  • High CBD content, often over 10%
  • Low to medium THC content
  • Relaxing, non-psychoactive effects
  • Diverse aromas and flavors

Typical effects and applications of CBD-rich strains

CBD-rich strains are known for their calming and relaxing effects, without the psychoactive effects of THC. These properties make them ideal for everyday use and for individuals looking to take advantage of the therapeutic benefits of cannabis.

  • Relaxation and stress relief
  • Promoting a clear state of mind
  • Can help with discomfort and restlessness
  • Diverse application possibilities

The typical effects of CBD-rich strains can be attractive for both recreational users and certain therapeutic applications. However, please note the applicable legal regulations according to the Cannabis Act (CanG) in Germany.

Popular CBD-rich strains

There are many popular CBD-rich strains that are valued for their relaxing effects and high CBD concentrations. Here are some of the most popular CBD-rich strains:

  • Charlotte’s Web:One of the most popular CBD strains, known for its high CBD content and non-psychoactive effects.
  • ACDC:A strain with a high CBD to THC ratio that is valued for its calming and focusing effects.
  • Harlequins:A sativa-dominant, high-CBD strain known for its clear and relaxing effects.
  • Ringo’s Gift:A high CBD hybrid known for its balanced and calming effects.

You can learn more about these and other varieties in the chapterPopular CBD-rich strains.

Cultivation of CBD-rich strains

Growing CBD-rich strains requires special attention to ensure the plants reach their full CBD potential. Here are some tips for growing CBD-rich strains:

  • Lighting:Make sure plants receive enough light to reach their full potential. Use high-quality LED or HID lights.
  • Nutrient:Use balanced nutrients to maximize growth and CBD production. Pay attention to the correct dosage during the different growth phases.
  • Temperature and humidity:Keep the temperature around 20-26°C and the humidity at 40-50% during flowering to promote resin production.
  • Pruning and training:Use techniques like LST (low-stress training) and topping to control growth and increase yield.

For more tips and instructions on growing CBD-rich strains, see the chapterCultivation of CBD-rich strains.

By understanding the unique characteristics and requirements of CBD-rich strains, you can maximize the quality and yield of your harvest. For more detailed information, see the relevant chapters of our grow guide.

10. Terpenes and their importance

Terpenes are aromatic compounds found in the essential oils of many plants, including cannabis. They are responsible for the distinctive scents and aromas of different cannabis strains and play an important role in the effects of the plant. Understanding terpenes can help you choose the best strains for your needs and utilize the full potential of your grow.

What are terpenes?

Terpenes are natural hydrocarbons produced in the trichomes of the cannabis plant. Not only are they responsible for the smell and taste, but they also interact with cannabinoids such as THC and CBD to create what is known as the entourage effect, where the different compounds work synergistically.

  • Responsible for scent and aroma
  • Contribute to the entourage effect
  • Can influence the effects of cannabinoids

Important terpenes in cannabis

There are over 100 different terpenes that can be found in cannabis plants. Here are some of the most important terpenes and their properties:

For more information about the different terpenes and their properties, see the chapterCannabis terpenes.

How terpenes influence the effect

Terpenes interact with cannabinoids and other compounds in the cannabis plant to create the entourage effect. This effect can enhance or modify the overall effects of the plant. For example, the terpene myrcene can enhance the calming effects of THC, while limonene can support the mood-enhancing properties of CBD.

  • Myrcene: Enhances the calming effects of THC
  • Limonene: Supports mood-enhancing properties
  • Pinene: Can improve focusing effects

Choosing the right strain based on terpenes

Choosing the right cannabis strain can be made easier by understanding the terpene profiles. Pay attention to the terpene profiles of strains to achieve the effects and flavors you want.

  • Relaxation and sleep:Choose varieties with high myrcene or linalool content.
  • Mood brightening:Varieties with high limonene content can be helpful.
  • Focus and energy:Varieties containing pinene can promote concentration.

Terpenes and the legal situation in Germany

In Germany, the cultivation and use of cannabis is subject to the Cannabis Act (CanG). While terpenes themselves have no psychoactive effects, they are an essential component of the cannabis plant. It is important to inform yourself about the legal regulations and to comply with them.

Further information on the legal situation can be found in the chapterLegal situation.

By understanding the role and importance of terpenes, you can make informed decisions about growing and using cannabis. For more detailed information, see the relevant chapters of our grow guide.

11. Choosing the right variety for your needs

Choosing the right cannabis strain is crucial to achieving the desired effects and growing results. Each strain has unique characteristics and effects that are influenced by the genetic parents and the growing environment. Here are some factors to consider when choosing the right strain:

Factors to consider when choosing

  • THC and CBD content:Determine whether you prefer a high-THC strain for strong psychoactive effects or a CBD-rich strain for mild, relaxing effects.
  • Growing conditions:Consider whether you want to grow indoors or outdoors and choose a strain that is suitable for your environment.
  • Flowering time:Pay attention to the flowering time of the strain. Some strains flower faster than others, which can be important for your growing schedule.
  • Medical applications:If you are using cannabis for medicinal reasons, choose a strain that is known to suit your specific needs.

Varieties for medical applications

For medical users, it is important to choose a strain that offers the therapeutic effects desired. Here are some examples of strains commonly used for specific medical conditions:

Varieties for recreational use

For recreational users, the desired effects can range from euphoria to creativity to deep relaxation. Here are some popular strains for different recreational needs:

Special needs and preferences

Some consumers have special needs or preferences that should be taken into account when choosing the right variety:

  • Taste and aroma:Look for strains with specific terpene profiles that match your taste preferences, such as fruity, earthy or sweet flavors.
  • Cultivation requirements:Choose autoflowering or feminized strains if you prefer an easier growing experience.
  • Discretion:If you need to grow discreetly, choose strains that stay smaller and smell less intense.

Further information on the legal situation can be found in the chapterLegal situation.

By considering the different factors and needs, you can choose the right cannabis strain for you. For more detailed information, see the relevant chapters of our grow guide.

Blog posts

View all
Legal Cannabis kaufen

Buy cannabis legally

Discover how to purchase cannabis safely and responsibly in a regulated market. Learn more about the variety of products, quality standards and the legal purchase of cannabis.

CBDCBD ÖL & Kapseln für den Schlaf - aboutweed

CBD OIL & capsules for sleep

In our modern world, where stress and fast-paced life are omnipresent, getting good sleep is increasingly becoming a challenge. CBD, a natural extract from the hemp plant, has gained popularity in...